ARCHITECTURE IN WHITE. FROM RICHARD MEIER TO... CERSAIE 2014
« The absolute white underlines the differences between the elements, between openings and closings, solidity and transparency and envelope and structure. »says Richard Meier, one of the masters of contemporary architecture. The white, also called the achromatic color, is the totality of colors: perhaps for this reason it had a privileged relationship with architecture both ancient and contemporary.
It is known that the color holds in architecture, in particular in the contemporary one, meanings for all communicative and communicational purposes.
Each environment, both internal and external, is a space to live, whose strenght and charm resides also in the chromatic component or, to use the words certainly more effective of another big master: «Architecture is a fact of art, a phenomenon that arouses emotions,beyond the construction problems. The construction is to take on; architecture is to move».
On the wave of this architectural and planning philosophy of Le Corbusier the color became the dominant element and the constituent principle of many contemporary works, and the white is better suited than any other chromatism to harmonize perfectly architectures and environments, creating suggestive impressions and sometimes becoming the peculiar and distinctive element of the whole project. On the other hand, since ancient times the color answers specifically to perceptual needs of the whole and today - in a society increasingly focused on the individual - it is possible to create living spaces which don't consider that colors belong to all the effects of people lives.
And how can you insert the communicative and design value of the white in this context? Richard Meier himself, who made a signature for his work of this color, in a three years ago interview declared that:
« First of all, architecture is the creation of a space defined through opaque and transparent surfaces, linear and planar elements, openings and closings.
All these elements are essential for architecture, and the white underlines the differences between opening and closings, solidity and transparency, linear and planar elements, envelope and structure.
I believe that white makes the architectural elements alive. The second aspect concerns the fact that architecture is made by men, it is static, it doesn't change and it doesn't grow in time. Nature changes during the day, during the seasons and the whiteness of buildings helps us to think about the difference between what we made by men and what was made by nature. It helps us to feel nature all around us and the way in which architecture reflects it»
Simultaneously, the materials used by design and architecture professionals to realize floorings and coverings are placed in the middle of the relational dynamics between the use of white and environments, supporting the communicative force that emerges. A speech that creates at the same time refined elegance and avant-gaarde technical qualities thanks to collections like the one of DSG Ceramics that will present a preview of it at Cersaie 2014. LIGHT COLLECTION | White in architecture: fine porcelain gres tiles 120x120 in absolute white on plaster, carved, rock, lined and crape surfaces.
White has gone through the history of architecture since ever. With neoclassicism, for example, buildings were mainly built using this chromatism as the ancient buildings they were inspired by were so imagined.
At the beginning of 21° century, the modern movement cancelled decors and excesses bringing back the use of "the color of colors" that became so peculiarity of the formal architectural purism of architects of the stature of Le Corbusier and Mies Van Der Rohe and than, to mention another illustrious example, the collective known as New
York Five to which Richard Meier belonged itself together with Peter Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey and John Hejduk. All names that influenced the more or less known contemporary work of professionals.
«White is the best symbol of modernity» (cit. R. Meier).