Chaux-de Fonds/Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, 1887/1965
Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, known with by the nickname of Le Corbusier (1887-1965), is considered the most significant architect of the modern era. Amongst the most influential characters of the History of contemporary architecture and of the 20th Century culture, he is remembered as the master of the Modern Movement. A pioneer in the use of reinforced concrete in architecture, he has also been one of the fathers of contemporary town planning. A founding member of the Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture moderne, he merged architecture to the social needs of the layman, revealing to be a brilliant thinker of his age reality.
His works still significantly influence both architecture and design. He developed a great variety of buildings and was involved in urban development plans the world over. A large part of its architectural achievements have been recognized by UNESCO as world heritage sites. Le Corbusier stretched to numerous artistic fields, giving life to paintings, sculptures, drawings and collages, enamels, tapestry, gravures and furniture fittings of unmistakable design, which have become real icons. For Le Corbusier, the chromatic aspects of his buildings and design objects were as important as their layout and shape. Fascinated by the balanced colors of nature, Le Corbusier created the so-called “Polychromie architecturale”, based upon a planned artistic selection of pigments.