ALSO BUILDINGS GET ILL (AND MAKE US GET ILL), PORCELAIN GRES CAN CURE THEM
The recent Decreto Sblocca Italia, defining among other points a "home package" to facilitate the construction and real estate market through bureaucratic simplifications and tax deductions, brings the attention on a very delicate phenomenon of contemporary architecture: the so called Sick Building Syndrome.
Known as SBS and officially recognized globally, this syndrome implies allergies, migraine, breathing difficulties and other diseases more or less serious due to the release of harmful substances or even toxic in the materials used for constructions and furnishings. Particles so small and insidious like pollen, bacteria and dust that nuzzles practically everywhere.
Everyday we breath in the air of homes and offices these microparticles: dust in the first place, but also paints, varnishes, solvents, formaldehyde, benzene as well as fungi, bacteria and molds generated by explosion to moisture of some decomposed forms of building materials. Therefore it is evident that the first and more effective cure of the Sick Building Syndrome is the systematic use of sustainable approach to construction and carefully selected materials to find the certified origin ones, little chemically treated and "low-emitting" that is particularly low emissions or even zero.
Porcelain gres is distinguished among them, thanks to its intrinsic peculiarities. In fact, the gres manufacture provides that, in the final phase, the mixtures that compose it are cooked at very high temperatures to reach the greification point. This process gives the characteristics of chemical inertness that make this material resistant to chemical agents and is also able to avoid the release of contaminant agents, being a compact, resistant, inert and strong surface.
Meanwhile, while the Government supports the contemporary architecture to move in the direction of sustainability and green building through incentives and concessions, take place figures more and more specialized in this "buildig's pathology". Even in Italy begin to take place the "Expert of Salubrus building" (the first official course was completed the last February 2014 in Venice). A profession that has been present for a long time in Europe in accordance to the directives issued by the EU and to the reports of the World Health, that suggest to work on the existing buildings, noting that " people spend up to 95% of their lives indoors and they get sick of Sick building Syndrome». At the same time, the American Agency for environmental protection said that « sometimes indoor air problems are the result of a poor quality planning, construction, maintenance or activity of the occupants.».
Therefore, to cure the problem at the origin - in phase of "planning and constuction"- comes back to the front page the use of a material which is particularly suitable like porcelain gres: DSG Ceramics found, in the creation of tiles 4.8 mm particularly suitable for renovation of existing buildings, the answer to the need to operate on the built heritage, proposing a product that is, in fact, the new horizon of the energy saving in ceramic. The reduction of thickness that defines the 4.8 mm involves a lower environmental impact in terms of Energy consumption, raw materials, packing materials and transports. In confirmation of these specificities, the numbers of French architectural market, where the demand of this solution is particularly high because of the many historical buildings to "cure" while maintaining high the artistic and aesthetic value.
In the contemporary society, in which the attention to green choices in the field of architecture and not only is constantly in growth, the manufacturers of materials for designers and architects are called upon to provide porcelain tiles, as well as other materials, certainly created for architecture in its own right but also as means of prevention whose technology represents a big potential in terms of environment and health together with aesthetic and functional devices.
To conclude, we finally return to the recent Decreto Sblocca Italia. Here there are some points of particular interest in terms of incentives aimed at building renovation, redevelopment and sustainability:
SCRAPPING BONUS: for those who scrapps properties in low energy; in case of a Company that buys the same property are applied fixed and estabilished transfer fees for a total of € 600,00. Obligation: scrapped homes are to be rehabilitated and ld within years.
BUREAUCRATIC SIMPLIFICATION for renovation: that is of regulatory. Anyone wishing to renovate home is no longer required to ask the authorization to municipality: it is enough to give it a communication. There will also be a single common building regulation for all municipalities, together with a single building agency for the release of certificate of consent by silence on the permit to build.
BONUS OF THE 20% for those who buys from a constructor a completely renovated house. Obligation: you must rent with a rent agreed by a building cooperative, onlus or physical person for at least eight years.
What the " house packet" of the Sblocca Italia ordinance temporary left in stand-by is the ecobonus and bonus renovation points expiring on the 31th of December 2014 (ecobonus at 65%, bonus renovation and furnishing at 50%). The possibilities, according to the proposals discussed from the political class, are three and they will be clarified only with the stability law in 2015:
- ecobonus and bonus renovation are allowed to laps coming back to 50% (instead of 65%) and to 40 (instead of 50%);
- the ecobonus will be extended to all 2015, while the bonus renovation expire (falling to 40% from the firs January 2015);
- ecobonus and bonus renovation will be both extended till the 31th of December 2015 or over.